#WednesdayPeopleList #People who influence the world #women #persistent women #sex #racial discrimination #Jewish #atomic bomb #nuclear fission #themother of the atomic bomb
#persistence against nuclear weapons
Lise Meitner (1878~1968)
He was a great researcher almost at the same time as Marie Curie,
and was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry/Physics 48 times.
In childhood, Austria only allowed women to be educated until the age of 14, after which they needed to prepare for marriage, so they had to suspend their studies because of their talent and intelligence. Later,
she continued to study by herself, until the law was opened,
and became the second female doctoral student in Vienna. Later, because of the gender ceiling,
I was transferred to the University of Berlin to do research,
but it was still not smooth for the same reason.
During her time at the University of Berlin, there were no women’s toilets,
and the position of research assistant was not welcomed by professors. Fortunately,
a peer who respected and appreciated her invited to study together, and was an unpaid guest.
When the First World War broke out, like Marie Curie,
the former drove an X-ray car to assist soldiers on the French frontline,
while the latter went to the field hospital as an X-ray nurse to help Austrian frontline soldiers.
After the rise of the Nazis before World War II, they could no longer stay in Germany,
and finally went into exile in Switzerland.
They could only use communication to continue to participate in nuclear reaction research remotely.
In 1939, he successfully explained the principle of nuclear fission with theory,
which became an important basis for the subsequent development of the atomic bomb,
and was invited to the United States to participate in the “Manhattan Project”.
However insisting on pacifism, Lise rejected the fact that science could not be used for military purposes.
And she insisted against nuclear weapons until the last moment of her life.
Lise Meitner because of her gender and Jewish identity,
even with such extraordinary scientific research, is buried in the torrent of history….